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Millet & Traditional Rice Varieties

Varagu,kodo,Arka

Kodo millet or varagu is a minor grain crop grown in many parts of southern states of India. Varagu grains are small and are enclosed in a tuff husk. Commonly used as an alternative to regular rice varieties and is rich in antioxidant content. As all other millet grains, Kodo is also rich in fiber, has low glycemic index and its gluten-free. The rich fiber content in the grain helps relieve constipation problems.

Health Benefits

  • Serotonin in the Millet calms and soothes the moods
  •  Fights diabetes and obesity
  •  Helps control blood sugar and cholesterol
  •  Helps reduce the risk of cancer

Kuthiraivalli,Barnyard,odalu

Also known as Indian barnyard millet, sawa millet or billion-dollar grass. The millet is grown as a cereal in India, Nepal and Pakistan. This traditional millet grows in areas where rice cannot be grown and this significant advantage helps farmers adopt this crop over modern rice varieties.

The grain is boiled, cooked with milk to make puddings and cakes. It is sometimes fermented to make beer too. This particular millet is consumed during religious fasting and is also called as “rice for fasting”.

Health Benefits

  • Rich in fiber
  • Low glycemic index
  •  Good source of Iron
  • Gluten-free food

Samai,Little,Samae

Samai belongs to the millet family and is commonly grown in drought-resistant areas in the Asian continents. Millet have a historic background and has once been the primary food several thousand years ago. Samai is one among the millet which was consumed as a regular diet due to its innumerable health benefits

Health Benefits

  • Helps fight diabetes
  • Cancer fighting millets
  • Detoxified the body
  • Improves heart health

Thinai,Foxtail,Navane

Thinai is a millet, a type of annual grass grown particularly for dietary consumption. It is also the second most widely planted millet. Commonly found in Asian countries has trails dating back to 8700 BC in China. The grass type is slim and can grow up to 200 CM and has a dense seed head. In South India, Thinai has been a staple diet among people from the Sangam period. It is a warm season crop planted mainly during the late spring. Harvest can be made in 65-70 days.

Health Benefits

  • Rich in Fiber
  • Improves heart health
  • Helps strengthens bones
  • Helps fight cholesterol

Panivaragu,Proso,Baragu

It is one among the millet family which can evade drought and quickly be harvested. Since it’s a short duration crop which can be cultivated in less than 90 days and can evade drought easily with low water requirement, it is widely cultivated in dry land areas. Originated in India, the crop slowly spread to different parts of the world mainly in Malaysia and Burma. Proso is widely grown in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Andra Pradesh and Karnataka

Health Benefits

  • Helps lower cholesterol
  • Decreases risk of cancer
  • Helps prevent gall stones
  • Rich source of essential Phosphorus

VellaiCholam/white sorghum/

It is one the few crops in the grass family with flowering seeds. There are over 25 species of this variety and some are used for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. Global demand for sorghum increased dramatically between 2013 and 2015 when China began purchasing US sorghum crops to use as livestock feed as a substitute for domestically grown corn.

Health Benefits

  • Improves heart health
  • Boosts Circulation
  • Helps improve digestion
  • Reduces appetite and helps in weight loss

Naattu kambu/desi bajra

Pearl millet is the most widely grown type of millet. It has been grown in Africa and the Indian subcontinent since prehistoric times. Pearl millet is well adapted to growing areas characterized by drought, low soil fertility, and high temperature.Because of its tolerance to difficult growing conditions, it can be grown in areas where other cereal crops, such as maize or wheat, would not survive.Pearl millet is commonly used to make the flatbread bhakri. It is also boiled to make a Tamil porridge called kamban choru or “kamban koozh”.

Health Benefits

  • Detoxifies body
  • Prevents asthma
  • High source of vitamin B
  • Helps prevent diabetes
  • Aids in digestion

Nattu ragi/desi ragi

Ragi is also known as finger millet. It constitutes a little over 25% of the food grains grown in India. Nutritionally it is almost as good as or better than wheat or rice. As a rain grown crop finger millet is normally sown in June -July in parts of Tamilnadu. It is also grown in winder by planting in September. It is one crop that does not mature evenly and has to be harvested in two stages. When the ear head on the main shoot and 50% of the ear heads on the crop turn brown, the crop is ready for the first harvest.

Health Benefits

  • Has high protein content
  • Rich source of minerals
  • Controls diabetes
  • Has anti-microbial properties

Irungu cholam

Irungu Cholam is another one of the ancient cereal grain, and grown mostly for their fodder value. It has high nutritional value, with high levels of unsaturated fats, protein, fiber, and minerals like phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and iron and also high in calories and macro nutrients.

Health Benefits

  • Rich in fiber content
  • Helps relieve constipation
  • Lowers blood cholesterol
  • Good source o vitamins and minerals